In a way this type of media unites the world more than anything, especially when we talk about the TV. For sure in most houses of every country, there is a TV present. And as in most families, there are also children present. Now, what happens if you unite both, TV and children? Well what you get is an excellent way of distracting a kid. For some reason (or reasons) kids are always really curious about TV, you will always see a child watching it maybe even for hours. What interests us the most is to know the reasons why this little kids love to watch TV, but not any type of program, but particularly cartoons.
For sure cartoons are really entertaining; many people (even adults) still enjoy watching a cartoon every now and then. By watching this type of shows that aren? t really complex to understand, full of colors, movements, and many other stimulus for the senses, it helps kids to relax, feel comfortable and even laugh. Thing which they can? t do when watching for example a novel, because they are more full of drama and real-cases type of stories which they are just too young to understand and since they are in contact with reality when they aren? t watching TV, what they less want to see on TV is what they see in their everyday lives. Index:
Introduction——————————————————————————— 4 Body —————————————————————————————– 6 Interviews with specialists ————————————————————- 13 Interviews with children —————————————————————– 18 Interview with UVM population ——————————————————– 21 Conclusion ——————————————————————————— 24 Notes —————————————————————————————- 25 Bibliography ——————————————————————————- 26 Introduction: Small children prefer to watch cartoons instead of tv series, news or even movies because they find them more interesting in many aspects. First of all because they aren? as long as movies that have an approximate duration of about an hour and a half, while cartoons just last half an hour more less. Second because cartoons don? t have a really elaborated plot ; they are simple and easy to follow for kids, while combining the idea that cartoons have a lot of stimulus such as vibrant colors and different forms that keep those young minds really entertained. Children of around 10 years old start taking conscience about their age and that they are not longer little kids, but its real own mind its still of a kid. Like they still have a mind of a kid they are still more interested on cartoons because they find it more attractive to watch and understand.
Also as they have more comprehension they can start analyzing the real meaning of the cartoons and all the values that it may transmit without taking it very serious or complicated as a movie. Some kids can start creating their own identity and since they don? t want it to be like the ones of grown-ups, they feel really attracted too cartoons because they are so unreal that they try to copy the attitudes seen in them. There are many reasons why this essay is important: First of all because it will help you understand a child? s mind, a thing that we humans have studied since long time ago, due to the fact that it will help us determine how the personality forms, develops and changes until it ends on how it is when we are adults . In this aspect, it? s important to mention that the development of a child? brain depending on what type of messages and stimulus he receives when he is small will strongly determine the way of thinking of that person when he grows up, so if we understand a little more about kids, it will be easier to comprehend the adult mind. Focusing also on the idea that stimulus for children are pretty important, specially in that stage that goes from the 8-10 years old, because it? s the time when they feel attracted to colorful themes, things that move, sounds, and many other things they can perceive with their senses. Second, still talking about senses, mass media plays a really important role in them, being the first one (specially talking about TV) to influence persons, particularly those in-development such as kids. This influence can be either good or bad depending on what they see, but that will affect their way of thinking nonetheless.
As a third reason, and now referring to mass media economic business, it will help us realize and understand a little bit more why cartoons media and companies are so strong, and what type of stimulus they need to put and create in a cartoon in order to keep the attention of a children, in comparison to other type of shows, that even when they are really strong on TV, they don? t have a really major public in small children due to the long duration of them, and that maybe they don? t have the correct type of stimulus that will help them get that attention from kids, a thing that changes later when they grow a little bit older and enter in the adolescence, when now they have a more stable memory that allows them to get a like for movies, mentioning again that due to the development of the mind of a small child, that can? t happen.
The method used in this investigation is inductive because we based our investigation from particular information to general one that we found in our sources. In particular the majority of the children interviewed like Spongebob Squarepants because it has a lot of bright colors, sounds music different kind of characters that talk in a language that kids understand and a very catchy theme song taking all that like particular data we realize that all cartoons have this characteristics and that those characteristics were the principal factors that influenced the decisions ions that kids made. Proving that from the particular that in this case were sounds, colors, characters, language etc… kids prefer that all cartoons have at least 3 of them.
Seeing that our particular subject to study are cartoons we notice that from all the different kind of programs and all the options that they have available to choose like series to name a few (two and a half man, cougar town, bones, friends, doctor house, the big bang theory) children prefer cartoons not only by their content but by the stimulation the have when they watch them, also they find themselves identified with less complex situations that ones that are presented in adult series that have a difficult language and wider themes to treat about themes that do not concern to children because of their age or protection of their innocence and childhood. Body: Issue: Why do children prefer movies or cartoons?
In the childhood children are really influenced by media, one of the facts that make children prefer cartoons is that they are exposed most of the time in their homes to television in which cartoons are the ones that occupy more television time, children spend most of their day after school watching television Thanks to the great expansion of technology, most houses, if not all of them have at least one TV. The second factor is that children enjoy more diversity in the cartoons because they can reach this entertainment of the hand with a simple click of the remote control, while the movies are more difficult to obtain: for example play them in the DVD or have to go to cinema.
Movies make a big stimulus to the imagination of children BECAUSE are transmitted in what we call “big screen” and they do have a better surround sound to make them enjoy a better experience another example are the movies in 3D companies are increasingly looking for ways to make young audience have an interest for their films and give them a different experience than they could be at home watching television. But even though children prefer television because they can see different cartoons only by changing channels without having to settle for a choice, and now with the sale of surround systems that are installed at home, they are able to feel, comfortable in the security of their homes without having to bother to go out and buy the movie or go to the cinema to see it. Cartoons have greater expansion in the world including some cartoons that may become a fashion among children even more than the movies as I mentioned earlier because they are more exposed to these.
The television is part of the child’s daily life and how that use is not necessarily used by their own television content, but for individual use and understanding of content. According to the book of Manuel Cebiran de la Serna, “The interpretation of television messages” for children it is necessary to differentiate between perceiving and imagining. In the case of certain ages, separating perception and imagination is almost impossible. At these stages the dreams and fantasy lives are difficult to perceive the real world, for this reason and depending on their evolutionary status; childhood has certain limitations for constructing reality. Some of these limitations will be affective and emotional aspects, so it is possible that these limitations can be saved by the strong emotional appeal of the image.
The current child develops in a world saturated by images, which are present in their education, their distractions and most of its activities. The image has a value and an undeniable force. Although it is a truism that a picture is worth a thousand words, it is clear that iconic signs have a wealth of more than verbal communication and, therefore, can have great power in transmitting the knowledge and behavior patterns. According to the Secondy Vacum-Oil in relation to learning and image, we learn: -About 20% of what we hear -About 30% of what we see -About 50% of what we see and hear (the importance of audiovisual media) -About 90% of what they debate and make (the importance of iconic messages produced by a group of children).
This is much more evident in the child, psychological characteristics and thinking perfectly identifies those submitted by the images, such as immediacy, precision and great symbolic and emotional value. Stock image It is suggestive and attractive, the image is a powerful tool to facilitate understanding of concepts, replacing this reality when we need and also simplified, complete and clear. In short, the image: -Get and attracts the attention. -It provides a concrete basis for concept formation. -It reinforces learning. -Expand and improve vocabulary. -Assist the temporal organization. -Expands knowledge of reality. -Develops perceptual abilities. -It’s motivating for a strong emotional charge.
Still in the field of perception there are elements of television language posed some difficulties in understanding for children, because they prefer cartoons that are easily understood, that gives them a bigger stimulus, so they can relate better with the program, so they like it more, than films that have a more complex issue. The author Tora Tortosa , demonstrated the close relationship between the individual cognitive development and understanding of film messages. In particular, proved how cinematic techniques of field and field against a film were not being well understood by those who had not even space centration. His thesis is summed up in: lt;
Sublet (1983) in a semiotic analysis of a sequence of Ulysses 31, any reading is conducted in a telefilm carries a complete communication and hard work, in dependently of the viewer. Even more so the smaller ones are in a different position compared to adults, in the readings of these television messages, however many televised code (mimetic, iconic, musical, etc. ). Are learned early, even before the speech, Above all, it is common for younger children, when they encounter problems of understanding, the message become insignificant audiovisual display and attention concentrated and directed towards more partial, playful, identifiable, and so on.
Sometimes even that add to the message part of their personal harvest, unable to merge the different sequences in a meaningful whole or any scene for not understanding the various reasons that may occur. Television as a broker and mediator Television as an agent makes an important part of overall experience available to the child. You will see places that will not, contests in which no participate, experiences that expand the scope of his knowledge and that probably would not otherwise. But not only provides new experiences, but, as a mediator, organizes perception of reality in which we live. The real space and time are replaced by the presentation of them makes the small screen. It also modifies the perception psychic time (for example, suddenly, twenty years later. The ellipses, the flash back (Back to the past) take us to different temporal dimensions of the real. On the other hand, television provides models continually being to assess Indeed, replacing the personal value judgments. That is, it transmits normative standards that are accepted unconsciously. The child tends to imitate what they see, giving the TV a reality that does not possess. However, the potential impact will depend on the use or interpretation is made of medium. Specifically, the number of hours in front of the screen (since the excess will replace or eliminate other desirable activities such as gambling), the type of programs to look and what they look like and the individual characteristics of each child.
The cartoons and the childhood are strictly related, but there are many aspects important in cartoons: Quality of animation. – The structure in general has to be well done, the characters correctly drawn or animated, the timing of voices, background and all the technical aspect that may attract the attention of kids such as the different forms and the shapes of the characters, the combination of colors that are used in each scene that is presented during the cartoon, the kind of movements and other aspects that may be related to the animation. Quality of the Content. -It is strictly related to the message the cartoon can give to the children, either if it really has some educational lesson, or if it is considered pure nonsense. That? why it also has to do with the kind of adventures that the characters have, the characters by speaking in their way of behaving, their shape, age, sex, level of kindness, if they are funny or not, in the measure that the kids can get to identify with them and the appeal that the basic concept of the cartoon possesses. Apart from that quality concepts that are used to select the cartoon, there is also the issue that every cartoon has a message that has to be intimately related to the growing-up of the kid, just exactly as it occurs in literature, if it is a violent message in the cartoon the kid will be tended to act violently with his peers, if the cartoon shows the world as “a pink bubble” the kid will be developed in an innocent environment and at a long term it will cause consequences talking with the relation with other kids. According to Liebert , the cartoons can be majorly divided into 5 major classifications which are: Realism. that are the ones in which there is no big trouble in comparing the cartoon with the day-life of a kid, that does not give much more content to the kid that they ones they can learn by merely living their daily lives. Magic Realism. – this kind are the ones that show things that are more possible to occur but in a extremely low probability they can happen, this kind sees the reality in its majority from another perspective. Non-sense. -Are the ones where the imagination is set free and they use an unreal, humoristic animation in order to entertain, relax, discover or criticize an example of this kind can be the cartoon made by the Warner Brothers called “Animaniacs” Fantasy. are the ones that are exclusive from imagination and are mostly based on antique medieval times using immortal characters or epics, and classical stories and from that they start creating characters or plots that have nothing to do with reality. Zoomorfic Reality. – Are very similar to the realistic kind, but the only difference is that in this kind the stories are starred by animals, using an example “Franklin the Turtle” Its is interesting how the duality of the influence of the television and the cartoons work; they can be extremely good to teach kids about morality and boost the learning of a kid, and it can be as bad as to also teach violence, lack of respect and irresponsibility or ignorance.
But it mostly depends on the cartoon or the channel in which they appear, for instance we can use the Discovery Kids Channel which programs are based mostly in teaching scientific social and moral lessons to the kids that watch the shows, in the other hand we can use Cartoon Network, which cartoons are completely lacking of real happenings and it just dedicates the entire schedule to show cartoons whose only end is to entertain and show mostly immoral lessons. Also another important thing to highlight is how the quality in the content of the cartoons have decreased within the pass of time, for example we have Animaniacs, Freakazoid, Looney Toons, Tom and Jerry and so on, but now in the television or how some people call it the Trash T. V.
Are just senseless and pointless cartoons like Spongebob Squarepants, Fairy Odd Parents, etc. The cartoons and the T. V. Shows act as social catalizers by teaching a kid how to interact with other people and teach him about other cultures or things that they do not usually know. Another effect that the television may have is to affect the sleep schedule of the kids, their capacity of learning and interacting, and they reading skills. In the movies, there is also a moral message and a social lesson but the issue is that the kids prefer the cartoons because they are more suitable to their age and other shows are much more boring for them to understand.
On TV, there are different types of classifications according to the content of the shows, which are as following: •AA Informative-only rating: Specially suited for the interests of children under 7. This rating is usually seen in conjunction with animated TV shows or movies aimed at children. TV shows and movies under this rating have little to no violence, offensive language, and/or drug abuse. Sexual content is limited to mild affection and/or platonic friendship. •A Informative-only rating: General Audience. Suited for persons ages 7–11. Minimum or no violence, sexual or drug use content. •B Informative-only rating: For children 12 or over. Parental guidance suggested.
Minimum and specifically motivated non-extreme violence. Sex can be shown, so long as it’s implied. Nudity might be present, but not in an erotic or degrading manner. Drug use can be referenced, but actual consumption and any scenes condoning or glorifying drug abuse are prohibited. Language may be dirty, but no verbal violence. •B-15 Informative-only rating: For children 15 or over. More explicit content than B rating, but extreme violence, explicit sexual content, drug abuse (or scenes of drugs being glorified), and verbal violence is still prohibited. •C Restrictive rating: For adults over 18. High degree of violence (including cruelty), sexual content, and/or drug abuse/references.
Verbal violence and offensive language is permitted, but only for narrative purposes. •D Restrictive rating: Adults-only. Commonly known as X-rated. May contain strong sexual situations, explicit language, and extreme violence. So as we can observe, it is much more reasonable and easy that a kid can see cartoons than series, news or movies because also there are much more cartoons than other shows suitable for kids. Even though there are some movies and other programs that aren? t cartoons specially dedicated to children, such as the Disney movies, Sesame Street. Etc; the schedule of programs in T. V. is based mostly in cartoons, clearly speaking about the children channels, and in open T. V. ll the afternoon is based in cartoons and childish programs, and leaving the other shows in a later horary, because it is the time when kids prepare to go to bed while adolescents and adults start to watch TV. After that some surveys were conducted at the UVM community so we could have real bases, current and reliable opinion on the people, their tastes and preferences. The criteria of the questions asked were created taking into account the data which would be needed to base the research. We conducted three types of surveys a specialists (psychologists), another to another to children and young people aged 15-17 years The held to psychologists was based according to the following criteria: Psychology (“Psycho”, the Greek ???? soul, or mental activity, and “logy”, “????? , processed, study) is the science mental processes, including internal cognitive processes of individuals and social cognitive processes that occur in society, which involves culture. The field of mental processes including various phenomena, emotional and cognitive as well as the structures of cultural reasoning and rationality. Since we are studying children and direct our search behavior data to the branch of psychology that studies children. Child psychology: The current theories of child psychology attempt to explain and relate the development stage as the child’s age, their behavior and their relationship with their peers.
Among the theories we see, the two most significant trends of child psychology, which are: the description of the personality, and perception, developed by Freud and Piaget’s cognitive knowledge. Since one of the most in supporting this research is children and their perception of the world through making cartoons that prefer rather than the news or documentaries. And that was done to children is to know what you think of them, on the caricatures and realize it’s our hypothesis is true or not. And the latest young adults were carried out to see the contrast according to the difference of ages and tastes of the elderly. Interview with Specialists 1. How do children think at that age? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro| The perception more and more is centered in the reality, from sounds and images. They look for much variety. • They are extremely observant of details. • They look for social rules and models to imitate. | At this age they acquire more memory and therefore they pay more attention to which one says. • Usually they are very butchers, that is to say, or something is good or bad, funny or boring, etc, reason why not very often it is defined in a middle term. • Learning to glide ahead of time and therefore they learn to analyze the things. • They are more and more able to conduct operations, complex logics and abstractions. | 2. – How does the symbolism or interpretation of TV and movies affects a child? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro|
The behavior of a kid is strictly related to their environment, therefore, of course it affects a child if he watches TV, but more importantly, it has to do with how they react after watching some types of programs, like the ones where there is implicit a violent surrounding, because that will make the child learn that those type of behaviors are normal and he should make them too. | The Television influences gradually in progressive way in the children repelling in its behavior; but this will depend on the hours that are exposed in front of the television, that is to say, if they see violent cartoons, that will bring a change of social psychological behavior that produces aggressiveness in the means surround them, but if they see channels but cultural means, it will cause children with personalities but critics for these changes. | 3. – What are a child? s interests from 8-10 years? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro|
Primarily, they are interested in understanding everything that surrounds them, why some things happen and how they do, so that? s why you always see kids touching things they should, watching, listening, in general using all their senses in order to understand what? s going on in their surroundings. | One of its main characteristics, concerning its intelligence, is that it is in the operating stage, that is to say, its intellectual activity is more outpost and is apt to include/understand more abstract and complex concepts; reason why it interests him to watch TV , to play with this fashionable one, to be to the slope of marks, electronic devices, sports, etc. | 4. – How easy is it to influence a kid? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro|
Very easy, because even when they are not in fundamental stage of learning and forming their personalities, they are still like sponges, everything they see or perceive with their senses, specially the most repeated attitudes, will make him think that it? s the correct thing to do, therefore they are really easy to influence. | A lot, since they are considered property of his parents and like future resources for the society to which they belong. | 5. – What type of things get a child? s attention? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro| Absolutely everything that they can perceive with their senses| All the well-known and to know things in this life. | 6. – Why do colors, sounds and movements catch a kid? s attention? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro|
Because of their cerebral development , specially talking of the hypothalamus, which is the one in charge of the mayor visual stimulus, and this is why the colors, specially bright colors (that most of the cartoons have), can get the attention of a child. Sound And movement of the cartoons are also the ones that can catch the attention, but en less quantity, the ability of being attracted by these sounds and movements are caused by the fact that some of the sounds and movements are familiar to the kid, or in the case of movements are the ones that can be born in any children imagination, for example flying. | Because they aid to develop the auditory perceptions of them, also aid to generate lines of vision that can create diverse reactions in our organism and our mood. | 7. – What is the behavior of a kid that watches movies/TV constantly? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro|
They start isolating themselves and show some sort of separation from the world surrounding them, the real problem is when a kid starts to have troubles distinguishing the reality, from the televisive world. Such as some cases in which kids have been hurt because the nonsense act based in the intent of copying the actions of a cartoon, or a childish series| – In the school they get bad grades. – Less books they read. – They make less physical exercise. – Have Overweight problems – They become passive children| 8. – What type of children (personality) prefer to watch TV/movies instead of playing and reading? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro| The kid? s personality to rather choose T. V. han to play, are the ones who are not likely to have a lot of friends, or also are the ones who in their houses they suffer lack of attention, and their only way to reach fun, or distraction; is to watch T. V. also the ones who possess a deficit of attention, that cannot concentrate enough in reading a book, they found more attractive the idea of just receive the signals from the television| Usually they are kids that aren? t sociable, passives, imaginative and little creative, etc. And still they are kids who constantly are alone in house and their unique company is the TV. | 9. – Are children influenced by mass media or by external factors?
Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro| Of course they are influenced, all the merchandising that are surrounding them, promoting TV shows, flooding the mind of the kid with messages that say “you have to buy this, you need to dress like that, if you watch this series you will be happier… ” and as we are living of course in a merchandising environment, there is always media of propaganda trying to influence every kind of target subject available, trying to fortify the consumistic way of living. | Nowadays, by both, since they are submerged in the culture of mass media through the television, the videos, the games by computers and the Internet. which one has become partly of the daily life of the majority of them. | 10. – Do kids prefer visual stimulus rather than other types of them? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro| It is not that they necessarily prefer them, but are the most attractive for kids. As some studies say, the sight is the sense that the people value the most, so let me use an analogy to refer to this idea; the ideal women (as it is supposed to be) is defined not by the way she smells, or talks… but she is based in the way she looks, that? s why recently more an more women try to look like the women that appear in magazines, or in TV shows, or movies. That? why a kid can be more influenced by visual stimulus, as the colors are so attractive and the design of the characters are the way the development of a kid’s brain would imagine. | Yes, since the visual stimuli help them to not need precisely the communication (verbal or gestures), only depending on the fixation of the glance for the presented/displayed image. | 11. – What do you think is the principal factor that makes children prefer TV/movies instead of anything else? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro| In first place, the stimulus and basically the shows are so well designed to be attention catching, they can get the kids just by 5 minutes of them watching the show, also, the new generations are becoming more technological and are leaving the outdoor games and socialization apart… also that in hildren of the age that oscillates between 9 and 12 year, it has been more common in the society that the parents only mind on their own businesses and they do not share time with their offspring, so it is logical that the kids will try to find refugee, in some way of saying it so, in the television in order to try to feel a void. | The Television presents/displays audio-visual stimuli, which are more effective than both of them but presented in a separated way. The children watch the TV to satisfy their needs with distraction, to reduce the tensions and like means to obtain data In many cases he constitutes the unique company of the boy and sometimes one becomes a species of nursemaid. Seeing TV is a habit that is reinforced daily through gestures, smiles and verbal approvals of the adults. | 12. – Do kids understand the concepts they watch on TV? Dora Martinez Ortigoza| Alejandrina Navarro|
Not always, there are cartoon or shows created to an specific rank of ages in the spectators, but there are also different kinds of shows, for instance the ones that are mostly educational are showing the exact concept that they are trying to inculcate in the kids, some other classes of the shows are the ones that can be consider as “common” that only show what happens in a kid’s every day life or in the life that a kid could describe as dreamed, or interesting,; this kinds of shows are based mostly in entertaining such young persons, but also have a moralistic background that help to develop a kid’s interaction with the society. And finally there are extremely “dumb”, if we can call them that way, shows that are completely nonsense and do not possess any kind of moral, or concept and are designed exclusively to make the kids laugh and forget about real life, which isn? t necessarily the best thing a kid could do, but nonetheless the most easy solution in order to entertain a small child. | I would say that not at all, rather are based on the imitation.
Often they do not know how to differentiate between the fantasy presented/displayed in the television and the reality. They are under the influence of thousands of commercial announcements that they see each year, many of which they are of alcoholic beverages, fast foods and toys. One of the recommendations that it would give would be: 1. To watch the programs with the children. 2. To choose appropriate programs for the level of development of the boy. 2. 3. To avoid the programs that do not seem to them appropriate for the age of their son. 4. To teach to them to choose the programs with discernment. 5. To prohibit the violent programs. 5. To speak on the programming that sees, explaining the differences to them between the reality and the fiction|
For the results of the interview with the specialists, it was really helpful because it gave us, as we previously mentioned, the bases we were searching for about children psychology. For instance, it is true that children are extremely susceptible to whatever they watch on the TV, and that this interaction affects them in a certain way for the formation of their personality and character. Because of that susceptibility, they are also more captivated by the different stimulus they find on the cartoons and which cannot be found in such great amounts in other shows. Interview with Children Kid 1| Kid 2| Kid 3| Kid 4| Kid 5| 1. Do you usually watch TV after you come from school to your house? (Yes/No)| Yes | Yes | yes| Yes| Yes| 2. Which type of TV programs do you prefer, series or cartoons? cartoons| cartoons| cartoons| cartoons| cartoons| 3. Why do you like them? You find them colorful, funny or interesting? | Funny iLike them| Colorfull love them! | Funny and too colorful| They are funny I laugh a lot | colorful| 4. From all of them which is your favorite one? | SpongebobSquarepants| Fairy odd parents | Foster? s Mansion for Imaginary Friends| pokemon| Sponge bob| 5. Do you like to watch movies? (Yes/No)| yes| No | Yes | No | yes| 6. Why/Why not? You find them boring or really long? | . I like them when they are with cartoons, because there appear characters that I already know. | Because they are really long, and also boring, I prefer something that I can enjoy. I like them because they have bigger images and they last very long but I like that because I can enjoy them more time. | They are so long I don? t like them I prefer short episodes. | Because they are also very funny | 7. What interests you the most about cartoons, the characters, plot or background? | The characters and funny stuff they do| The characters thay are very funny | The characters like Spongebob, I like how he laughs! | The characters, they make very funny jokes. | Plots and adventures| 8. What type of shows do you consider boring: news, novels or both? | both| Both | Both | Both | Both | Kid 6 | | Kid 7| Kid 8| Kid 9 | Kid 10 | 1.
Do you usually watch TV after you come from school to your house? (Yes/No)| Yes| Yes| Yes| Yes| yes| Yes | 2. Which type of TV programs do you prefer, series or cartoons? | cartoons| cartoons| both| cartoons| Both | Both | 3. Why do you like them? You find them colorful, funny or interesting? | Interesting and funny| Really funny | Because in both the characters make funny and stupid things| The colors and how everything moves and all. | 3. Because they are funny and it? s what I find on TV. | Because they are sooo funny! | 4. From all of them which is your favorite one? | Danny phantom| Power puff girls | Big Bang Theory and Ben 10| Sponge bob | Phineas & ferb | Kimposible! | 5.
Do you like to watch movies? (Yes/No)| No | yes| No | Sometims when they don? t show adults. | Not really | no| 6. Why/Why not? You find them boring or really long? | They take too long and I don? t understand them. | Because I like the action and story, specially if it is romantic| Yeah, I prefer to watch many short episodes than a whooole movie. | Because I don? t understand what? s happening and I get sleepy. | It seems like a really long time before they end, like in Titanic| | | | | | | | They last too much| 7. What interests you the most about cartoons, the characters, plot or background? | Well, I like that the backgrounds are colorful. The characters have cute costumes| The plot | The characters and how they make funny things| The plot and characters| The characters are very funny and colorful| 8. What type of shows do you consider boring: news, novels or both? | News more than novels. | News, novels aren? t that much. | Both | Both | Just news, novels sometimes. | News. They are sad | Interview with UVM population Number of surveyed persons: 19 in the age range of 15-17 and 1 in the age range older than 30 1. – Favorite Program A) The Simpsons| 6| B) Hasta que el dinero nos separe| 0| C) Big Bang Theory| 13| D) Family Guy| 1| 2. Favorite Channel MTV| 13| Discovery Channel| 4| Channel 5| 3| Channel 2| 0| Channel 11| 0| 3. – Hour of the day to see TV 3-6 p. m. | 1| 6-9 p. m. | 8| 9 p. and Further| 11| 4. – Choose between How to train your dragon| 7| Iron Man 2| 11| La profecia de los justos| 2| 5. -Do you have brothers, of which age? 5-10 years old| 3| 10-15 years old| 5| 15 and further| 9| Don’t have| 3| 6. -Which programs do they see? Cartoons| 3| MTV shows| 3| Series| 9| Movies| 5| 7. – Do you like the shows they see? Barely| 11| Much| 8| Not at all| 1| 8. – How much time do you see TV? -2 hours| 9| 2-4 hours| 9| 4 hours or more| 2| 9. -At what age did you stopped seeing cartoons? 10-12 years old| 8| 12-15 years old| 2| Sill watch them| 10| 10. -What do you think about new cartoons? Indiferent| 8| They improved| 1| The got worse| 11|
Surveys showed us that our hypothesis was correct; that children prefer to watch cartoons and that 100% of children like cartoons more than anything else, this helped us substantially to base our research and we can say with 100% reliability that we are right. But surprisingly the survey also released results on something that was not expected, since it showed that not only kids like cartoons but also the teenagers and adults enjoy this type of program. As an important stimuli to capture the attention of children, we found out that the colors are a major one, followed by the characters and the plot of the cartoon watched, we also realized that one of the favorite cartoons for adults and children is Spongebob Squarepants, which tells us that the age difference has nothing to do with whether persons enjoy watching cartoons or not. Conclusion:
In conclusion, and based on many works and interviews, we could confirm that our hypothesis was correct. Children prefer to watch cartoons instead of other TV programs because they are extremely full of stimulus for their senses, mentioning some like: the vibrant colors, movements, sounds, etc. And what makes them more receptive to this stimulus is the developmental stage they are facing, in which they want to learn from the world and anything they see helps as a base know about the world and form their personality. Though that doesn? t mean that other shows such as the news and novels don? t have stimulus, but that they aren? t as strongly present as in cartoons and deal with more complex topics from the real-life that kids find boring.
Nevertheless, it was surprising to find out that not just children feel attracted to cartoons, but in general the population of any age enjoys watching them, probably for the same reason why children do; the high number of stimulus found in cartoons, and overall, in the mass media. Notes: Plot is -the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc. ; “the characters were well drawn but the plot was banal”/it devises the sequence of events in (a literary work or a play, movie, or ballet); “the writer is plotting a new novel” internet article found on the following link: (http://www. wikilearning. com/monografia/cambios_biologicos_de_personalidad-los_periodos_de_la_vida_y_los_cambios_de_personalidad/1278-5) Liebert, R. M. y otros. “La television y los ninos” Barcelona, Fontanela, pp. 85 parrafo 2 E. Tora Tortosa, 1973) . P. 57 parrafo 1 5] from the: (Greek zoo “animal” and morph “form”) Anything that is or resembles the shape of an animal. Spelling of the Word: The script ‘psychology’ is valid, although the recommended way is psychology. is not a spelling problem, but in essence, as Psycho, of psyche means “soul” (” mind, “” consciousness “), and therefore is named psychology as the science of these interrelated phenomena, making it the science of human behavior not only, but the workings of the mind and its development. Bibliography: Main Briceno Monzon, Claudio Alberto. La prensa y la caricatura como fuente de informacion en el proceso educativoRevista de Teoria y Didactica de las Ciencias Sociales 2005, (enero-diciembre) Disponible en: