Cover attack most likelywatch for sabotage! Troops more vulnerablediseases spread in warm, crowded conditions. Nutrition, water, rest and cleanliness harder to maintain. Desert: Aerosolized bio agents ineffective due to low humidity and UV radiation of sunexception being spore-forming agents. Night conditions favor aero bio attack. Toxins(ricin) are resistant and can be employed just like chem. agents.
Jungle: Excellent conditions for bio agents/toxins(warm temp, high humidity, low sunlight). Downwind hazards less(low wind speed, jungle growth). Follow strict field/san and vector/rodent control. Urban: Buildings provide cover but may increase persistency of bio agents-toxins very effective. Covert ops likelysanitary and personal hygiene measures, imms must be enforced.
Never assume hydrant water is safe! Biological Attack IndicatorsIf threat forces attack with bio agents, there may be little or no warning. Soldiers need to automatically mask when attack indicators are high. Some of thses indicators are the same that could be found after a chem. attack but with one critical difference: after taking immediate action to protect themselves, soldiers will be unable to detect and identify chem. agent vapors/liquids.
Mysterious illness (large # of soldiers)Large # of insects or unusual insects not normally in areaLarge # of sick or dead animals (domestic and wild)Artillery shells with less powerful explosions than HE roundsAerial bombs that pop rather than explodeMist or fog sprayed by an slow moving aircraft or helicopterMysterious illness in both the soldier and civilian population which approaches epidemic #sCasualty distribution aligned with wind directionHigh # of resp. involvement, when that disease in nature is usually non-respiratory. Illness type unusual for geographic area. Low attack rate among those working indoorsThere are no indications of chem.
attack, but no immediate effects. A presumed chem. attack has occurred but the agent has not been identified.Unusual odorWitness to an attackobviously!Remember: A Bio attack is considered suspected until confirmed laboratory analysis!!!Words/ Pages : 503 / 24